History of the Village of Responsibilities, Kepanjenkidul District, Blitar City

Responsibilities Village, which was originally a Responsibility Village, is a Village located in the north of Blitar City, approximately 3 km from the center of Blitar City Government. The northern border is with the Ngadirejo Village area, the eastern border is the Sentul Village area, the southern border is the Bendo Village area and the western border is the Jeding Village area, Sanankulon District, Blitar Regency.

map of the village in charge of kepanjenkidul

With a population of approximately 6217 people, consisting of 3118 women, 3099 men, the majority of whom are responsible for a livelihood as wood craftsmen: 60%, trading 20%, farmers 10%, and the remaining 10% are employees, teachers and other jobs. .

From the geographical location, Kelurahan Responsi looks quite strategic where it is close to the city but not noisy and not too crowded. The people are religious nationalists who are very strong in the teachings of their religion. Of the population above, 95% are Muslim who are religious fanatics.

Judging from the government’s journey, the Village of Responsibility before 1985 was the Village of Responsibilities, Nglegok District, Blitar Regency. It is the most southwest village of the Nglegok District, Blitar Regency.

However, after 1985, Responsibilities became part of the formation / expansion of the region from the Blitar City District to the Blitar Municipality. And the Village of Responsibility became the Village of Responsibilities, Kepanjenkidul District, Blitar City. The area of ​​Responsibility is approximately 2,137,353 ha.

The location of the Responsibility area which is close to the tomb of the Proclaimer Mr. IR SOEKARNO, the community of Tanggung was inspired by the many tours that visited the tomb, so many of the Tanggung people made various crafts such as drums, wooden ashtrays, wooden key chains and a number of other knick-knacks made of wood.

In addition, Tanggug Village has three neighborhoods (formerly three hamlets), namely;

1. Responsibility environment, which is the krajan of the village, most of the population make a living as wood craftsmen, traders, farmers and other jobs.

2. Clown environment is almost the same, namely most of the population make a living as wood craftsmen, traders, farmers and other jobs.

3. The environment of the Santren community, the majority of which make a living as wood craftsmen, when viewed from their economic status, are more established than the other 2 neighborhoods.

According to history, the Village of Responsibility is a village that was written down and founded by a figure whose name is familiar to the residents of Responsibility, namely KIYAI DIPOSARI whose tomb is located in the east of the village.

And it is very unfortunate for the residents of Responsibility, who used to be when the name Diposari was immortalized as the name of one of the streets in Tanggung, now it is changed to Jalan Citandui.

Some of the origin stories of the name Responsibility are from the word “Dianggung”. In the past, Bangsri residents, Dayu residents, Ngoran residents, Dawung residents and other residents in the northern region who sold to the City.

It used to be because there was no means of transportation like now. They just walked so they left at night, when they arrived at Mbah Diposari’s grave they rested. And according to the story of the traders who rested around Mbah Diposari’s grave selling Gangsar (selling well), while those who did not rest around Mbah Diposari’s eating area sold drag (not selling well).

The news spread to fellow traders from the north so that even though they were not tired, they took time to rest at Mbah Diposari’s grave before continuing their journey to the city, believing that Mbah Diposari’s sustenance was “borne” smoothly.

THE MYTH OF RESPONSIBILITY

Kyai Diposari is a very polite, simple, authoritative, wise and wise role model. Besides, he is an expert in fasting (tirakat). One of the policies is to require the citizens of Responsibility in particular to live a simple life and leave the ostentatious.

Namely, it is forbidden to make a gedong house (wall) in Responsibilities. In the past, when they forced to build a gedong house, the occupants did not feel at home (not at home), even the occupants became sickly and ended in death. So that at that time there was no gedong house in the house, all the houses were made of woven bamboo or gedek (Javanese).

With the development of the times, there are residents who dare to build a house with a wall but the bottom is bamboo (gedek), and even then it may be specifically for village officials (village officials).

Gradually, the residents built their houses on the foundation as if they were going to build a walled house, but they used wooden pillars (soko) with woven bamboo walls. Over time, several years the walls were damaged, followed by only 1m2 or so left at the back of the house whose walls are made of woven bamboo.

So, if there are still houses built in the 1970s era and below, you will definitely find the back wall of the house, there is a woven bamboo wall at the top.

Even in the past, the residents of Responsibility did not dare to go for Hajj for fear of boasting, there were those who went for Hajj after a few years died.

Along with the times, people began to abandon myths to believe in Science and Technology. So that myths and beliefs about logs that were once believed to be strong are gradually being eroded as is happening today. That in Responsibility there are no dogmas as above.

THE MYTH OF THE clown

In contrast to Dusun Badut, which is said to have responsibility for the tripe and its elders, is Kyai Diposari, the Clown who tripped is Kyai COKRO DIPO, then after becoming a village, a beautiful woman who works as a tayup (tledek) dancer, Nyai Roro SANIJAH, arrives.

Nyai Roro SANIJAH is a tledek of the Mataram kingdom who fled to Badut because the Dutch army was being chased by her. Nyai SANIJAH was once a female guerrilla who infiltrated the Dutch joint venture with the excuse of entertaining and inviting the Dutch soldiers to dance, after that the Dutch soldiers were given alcohol to drink and then killed the Dutch soldiers one by one.

Because he is an artist, the clowns are taught the art of Tayub and Jaranan. He even named his area the Dusun Badut until now. Besides being a tledek (dancer), he also makes sacred rules

This is evidenced by the rule that forbids making houses facing graves (tombs). Because the Clown’s tomb is located at the northern end of the hamlet, it is forbidden for clowns to build houses with doors facing north. This is still believed to this day.

It is said that if a Clown resident builds a house with a door facing north, then the house immediately arrives like a snake visited by a snake, when the occupants of the house on the roof of the house a large object falls from above but you can’t see what fell on the house, the door is knocked. -tap after opening there is no one and other incidents of a terror nature.

So that the clowns until now there is not a single house whose door faces north.

MYTH

As explained above that the citizens of Responsibility are religious nationalists, then the clowns who are thick with the art of tayub and jaranan. It’s different with Dusun Santren which is based on the founding figures of the village, namely Kiyai DER PINGI, a warrior from Mataram.

He was the forerunner of the northern Santren Hamlet. The grave is located on Jalan Wahid Hasyim, in Gang I, which is still frequently visited for every cleaning activity in the Santren Hamlet.

Then the southern Santren was born by a Kyai ABDUL DJAMAL and his son, Kyai IMAM ULOMO. Both of them are students (Islamic leaders) whose graves are located on Jalan Pakubuwono, exactly south of the Baitul Manan Santren Mosque.

Kiyai ABDUL DJAMAL is a militant and charismatic santri, so that when he was alive he had many guests and even queued up. The guests came from various regions and from various circles.

Especially the guests who came at that time were young people who wanted to fight for safety (piandel) in fighting for the nation from the invaders. Many guests came to ask for their house to be sacrificed to avoid any logs. Even from the stories of many guests, Kiyai Abdul Djamal who asked to be passed into civil service (village apparatus) and other problems in life.

With so many guests visiting Mbah Kyai Djamal and that’s when they said that the area was santri, so it was called Dusun Santren. And after Mbah Kyai Abdul Djamal died, his son, Kyai IMAM ULOMO, passed on.

THE PHILOSOPHY OF RESPONSIBILITY – CLUB – SANTREN

That language contains understanding and understanding, so don’t misinterpret a language if you don’t want it to be fatal. That’s an elder’s message. The elders of the Responsibility Village used to give messages to their children and grandchildren like this: When you are young, be a clown, meaning an actor/profession, as much work as possible (becoming a teacher, civil servant, trader, farmer, laborer, etc.) At the age of 40 years and over, we let go of the world’s responsibilities little by little, we go to the creator realm (kholiq) by becoming militant Santri (suluk) to face eternal life in the Ukhrowi realm (afterlife). So that the elders call it the Clown of the Santren Responsibility. It can’t be reversed at first, it’s good to be responsible and continue to be a clown.

Thus, if there is an error in the writing of the historical story, the name is wrong because we took it from the story of a person/person whose source may not be clear, we are ready to accept criticism or suggestions that are limited to constructive. Or maybe the language is difficult to understand and the choice of words is rough we apologize.

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